Understanding the Various Teaching Roles: Distinguishing PRT, TGT, and PGT through Eligibility and Credentials

January 18, 2024

The Teacher Eligibility Test (TET) serves as a gateway to the teaching profession and is organized by both Central and State Governments in India. There are multiple roles within the teaching sector, ranging from pre-nursery to senior secondary levels. Each role has distinct qualifications and responsibilities.

Let's delve into the three main teacher designations: PRT, TGT, and PGT. PRT stands for Primary Teachers, assigned to instruct students in grades 1 through 5. TGT, or Trained Graduate Teachers, educate students in grades 6 to 8. PGT, which stands for Post Graduate Teachers, are responsible for teaching grades 9 through 12.

Unpacking the Role of PRT

The abbreviation PRT signifies "Primary Teacher," which commonly refers to educators who teach early-grade students, from the 1st to the 5th grade.

  • To qualify for this role, candidates typically need to complete a two-year diploma in elementary education, known as either D.EI.Ed. or D.El.Ed.
  • Various esteemed public and private institutions offer this diploma program, including the National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) and Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU), among others.

By understanding these classifications and their respective requirements, you can better navigate your career path in the education sector.


Decoding Teaching Designations: A Closer Look at PRT, TGT, and PGT and Their Eligibility Criteria

Navigating the realm of educational careers can be complex, particularly when it comes to the various roles and qualifications associated with teaching. Let's break down the distinctions among Primary Teachers (PRT), Trained Graduate Teachers (TGT), and Post Graduate Teachers (PGT), along with their corresponding eligibility criteria.

Deep Dive into PRT

PRT stands for "Primary Teachers," designated to teach students from grades 1 through 5.

  • To be eligible for this role, candidates must have completed their 10+2 education with at least 55% marks from an accredited board.
  • Aspiring PRTs need to pass an entrance examination for admission into a two-year D.EI.Ed. (Diploma in Elementary Education) program.
  • This diploma program blends traditional lectures with hands-on training and offers a rigorous curriculum.

Decoding TGT

TGT, or Trained Graduate Teachers, typically educate students from grades 6 through 8, although they are qualified to instruct up to the 10th grade.

  • TGTs generally hold a B.Ed. degree, which requires two years of study, along with a bachelor's degree in a subject of their choice such as Commerce, Arts, or Science.
  • Eligibility mandates a minimum age of 19 and graduation with at least a 55% score.

Unraveling PGT

PGT refers to Post Graduate Teachers, who specialize in teaching students from grades 10 to 12.

  • PGT candidates must have a postgraduate degree with a minimum of 55% marks, in addition to a B.Ed. degree.
  • To be considered for PGT roles, candidates must pass an entrance examination specific to the university offering the relevant course.

It's important to note that PRT, TGT, and PGT are not qualifications in themselves but rather designations for teaching positions. These titles can be pursued by professionals seeking employment in both public and private educational institutions. Understanding these distinctions and eligibility criteria can help streamline your journey into the educational sector.


Deciphering Teaching Designations: A Comparative Analysis of PRT, TGT, and PGT

Navigating the landscape of teaching roles can be a challenging task, especially with designations like PRT, TGT, and PGT often causing confusion. Let's break down the key differences among these roles and what each implies in terms of specialization, qualifications, and other attributes.

PRT vs. TGT: The Key Contrasts

PRT (Primary Teachers) focus on Pre-Primary and Primary level students, while TGT (Trained Graduate Teachers) are skilled to handle Upper Primary classes.

  • Area of Expertise: PRTs are generalists, equipped to teach multiple subjects. On the other hand, TGTs specialize in specific subjects.
  • Age Requirements: The upper age limit for PRTs is typically 30 years, whereas TGTs can be up to 35 years old.
  • Educational Background: PRTs require a diploma in elementary education, whereas TGTs need a graduate degree and a 2-year B.Ed qualification.
  • Selection Criteria: PRTs are generally chosen based on their past academic records, whereas TGT candidates go through an interview process as well.
  • Compensation: Basic salary for PRTs starts at around INR 20,000, while TGTs can expect between INR 30,000 and 35,000.

Distinguishing TGT from PGT

PGTs (Post Graduate Teachers) cater to Senior Secondary students, while TGTs instruct Secondary level students.

  • Educational Prerequisites: TGTs hold a bachelor's degree and a 2-year B.Ed, whereas PGTs have a postgraduate degree along with a B.Ed.
  • Minimum Marks: Both roles require candidates to have scored at least 55% in their respective last completed educational levels.
  • Age Specifications: TGTs can be aged between 30 to 35 years, while the minimum age limit for PGTs is 35 years.
  • Pay Scale: The basic salary for TGTs starts at INR 34,000, while PGTs can expect between INR 35,000 to 40,000.
  • Recruitment Process: TGTs are evaluated based on academic records and B.Ed exams, while PGT selection also includes an interview.

Wrapping it Up

Various governing bodies conduct eligibility exams for teaching positions. Some of the key organizations are:

  • Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) for CTET
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS)
  • Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti (NVS)

Delhi Subordinate Services Selection Board (DSSSB)

  • After fulfilling the necessary educational and age criteria for PRT, TGT, and PGT roles, aspirants can appear for several annual eligibility tests to secure a position in Primary or Upper Primary level teaching.


As the foremost recruitment platform in India's educational field, Eduvacancy is dedicated to streamlining your job search experience to not only be efficient but also rewarding. Whether you're aiming for a role as a PRT (Primary Teacher), TGT (Trained Graduate Teacher), or PGT (Post Graduate Teacher), our goal is to facilitate your journey from applicant to fully-employed educator. 


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