Teaching Strategy Series: Using Metacognition in the Classroom

April 03, 2023

#Education #Teaching_Strategy #Metacognition #Classroom

Hi teachers, we’re back with our teaching strategy series. And this week, we’re tackling metacognition in the classroom. Research has shown that metacognition can be an extremely effective teaching strategy, supporting learning in helping students gain additional learning outcomes of about 6 months.

The results are excellent! But what is metacognition and how can you apply it to your classroom? Read ahead as we break it down for you below.

What is Metacognition in Learning?

Metacognition refers to a learner’s ability to think about their learning process – monitor and evaluate it to improve it and resolve challenges. It brings with it self-awareness, critical thinking, and the ability to solve problems.

How is it useful for your learners? It can improve your students’ basic cognitive abilities, from memory to task completion. And here’s the best bit. Since metacognition is really ‘thinking about thinking’, it can be applied across all subjects.

Applying Metacognition in Your Classrooms

Here are the stages to using metacognition in your classrooms.

  • Begin – In this stage, students can begin using metacognition. Introduce them to some subject matter and get them to first assess what they understand about it prior to learning. How did they arrive at this information and what gaps would they like to fill?
  • Set Learning Goals – The second step to developing metacognition is setting a clear learning goal for your students. From here, give your students the responsibility to figure out ways to complete the learning goal, the time it would take for them, and what the result could possibly be. This gets them to think strategically, and devise the right routes to their learning goal.
  • Completing the Task- In this stage, lead your students through to completing the task. But remember, do not micromanage them at this point. Let them chart their own path, and encourage them to monitor their progress. If they make mistakes, show them that strategic thinking can begin anywhere. They can change their path, even in the middle of a process to yield better results. This promotes active thinking.

With these three steps, you would have started introducing metacognition in your classrooms. Watch as our students learn how to think about thinking and learn about learning for better results. Let us know your feedback below.

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